Types of hinges and where to use them
Door hinges come in different styles and sizes to suit a wide range of applications, but by keeping a number of things in mind it shouldn’t be difficult to know which one to choose. Regardless of the type of door, you always need to keep in mind the door’s thickness and weight as these are the factors that will determine the both hinge size and the amount of hinges you will need to apply. Being familiar with these things will help you establish the best hinge for the job.
Butt Hinges are commonly used on interior or exterior doors mainly because they are the neatest option. This type of hinge consists of two rectangular leaves with screw holes that are joined by a pin or a metal rod. Once this pin or metal rod is withdrawn, the leaves will separate, making it easier to take down the door when needed. On application, both of the leaves are recessed, and one side is on the edge of the door and the other in the door framework, or jamb. When the door is closed, only the pin shows, making them a good option for interiors. This type of hinge is suitable for almost any type of project as they are easy to attach and have a simple, yet effective design.
These tend to be the smallest type of hinge and can be used for interior cabinets and cupboards. Each door style will dictate which type of hinge needs to be used with it, but cabinet hinges are primarily made for three kinds of doors; lipped, overlay and flush. A lipped door is one where the lip has been cut completely around the door, the overlay door has edges that rest on the cabinet frame, and flush doors will have their faces flush within the frame face. For cabinets, one of the most popular hinge styles is a pivot as it is concealed once closed. There are also cabinet hinges that are self-closing. These will have a small spring inside and can be used for any door whether lipped, overlay or flush.
Another name for this type of hinge is the Piano Hinge because it is what they are primarily used for. They provide a high quality and smooth action to any lid, door or piano keyboard. This type of hinge will run the entire length of the door and like most hinges can come in various lengths, thicknesses and finishes, particularly brass which is a popular option. These hinges are also a good option for heavy objects.
Heavy Gate Hinges
Heavy Gate Hinges can both provide security and architecturally compliment your exterior gate. This type of strap hinge will be composed of a strap and a pintle. The pintle will be attached to the gate post and the strap attached to the gate. Once the gate is closed, strap hinges will be visible, so they add to the overall aesthetic of the gate. This means that heavy gate hinges are usually available in a variety of designs and finishes.
This is a spring-loaded hinge that helps to open and close hinge leaves. The spring will apply force to secure an open or a closed hinge. Because of its self-closing ability, this type is often used as an alternative to overhead mounted door closers and can be used on wood and metal doors, medium to heavy weight doors and low to medium frequency usage. This type of hinge is approved for use on fire-rated doors.
As the name suggests, a Tee Hinge is shaped like the letter T. To apply, the horizontal part of the hinge goes onto the door frame, and the vertical part is screwed to the door. This type of hinge is usually used on sheds or light outdoor gates. They provide good strength and are incredibly easy to attach but do not give much security as their fixing screws are exposed.
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